Thursday, 16 November 2017
Decline of film projectors
In 1999, digital cinema projectors were being tried out in some movie theatres. These early projectors played the movie stored on a server and played back through the projector. Due to their relatively low resolution (usually only 2K), the images at the time showed pixelization blocks in some scenes, much like images on early widescreen televisions. By 2006, the advent of much higher 4K resolution digital projection had removed any traces of pixelization. The systems became more compact than the larger machines of four years earlier. By 2009, movie theatres started replacing the film projectors with digital projectors. In 2013, it was estimated that 92% of movie theatres in the United States had converted to digital, with 8% still playing film. In 2015, numerous popular filmmakers—including Quentin Tarantino and Christopher Nolan—lobbied large studios to commit to purchase a minimum amount of 35 mm film from Kodak. The decision ensured that Kodak's 35mm film production would continue for several years.
High-resolution digital projectors offer many advantages over traditional film units. For example, digital projectors contain no moving parts except fans, can be operated remotely, and are relatively compact. They also allow for much easier, less expensive, and more reliable storage and distribution of content, including the ability to display live broadcasts.
Sunday, 12 November 2017
Anchovies and sardines are both small, silvery, oily fish, and they are even related. Nevertheless, they are different fish, and connoisseurs will even be able to pick out the "true" sardine or anchovy from among the rest.
Anchovies (Engraulidae) and herrings and sardines (Clupeidae) are fish families that both belong to the order Clupeiformes. Most fish in this order are silvery with stream-lined, spindle-shaped bodies, live in large shoals and eat plankton that they filter from the water with their gill rakes.
Anchovies are found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans, and some species enter or live in freshwater. They have translucent bodies with a silvery stripe down the flanks, and most species are less than 6 inches long.
Wednesday, 8 November 2017
It is true that users generally don’t want to watch a beautiful four-minute mini-doc that comes after a 30-second pre-roll ad. That’s video as we now know it. But what the market is showing, and what I fundamentally believe, is that viewers want to immerse themselves in a visual story that makes use of the full range of creative techniques afforded by the tiny little computer in their hand that’s connected to the internet. And what that looks like is not exactly a “video” — that’s a new form of journalism.
Saturday, 4 November 2017
In film and video, a freeze frame is when a single frame of content shows repeatedly on the screen—"freezing" the action. This can be done in the content itself, by printing (on film) or recording (on video) multiple copies of the same source frame. This produces a static shot that resembles a still photograph.
Freeze frame is also a term in live stage performance, for a technique in which actors freeze at a particular point to enhance a scene or show an important moment in production. Spoken word may enhance the effect, with one or more characters telling their personal thoughts regarding the situation.
Thursday, 2 November 2017
More than 240 enthusiasts attended the UNICA Congress 2017 in Dortmund. Each will have her or his own favourite memory. The venue, an industrial museum created from the headquarters of the Zollern Coal Mining company, was a star in itself.
The best bits were:
the choir at the opening ceremony
climbing the mine’s winding tower to look out over the city
eating curry-wurst on the grass with friends
visiting the stadium where Borussia play
when the fire-alarm went off and we thought it was part of the film.
On the cold morning of October 15, 1917, Mata Hari was executed in the Parisian suburb of Vincennes, President Raymond Poincare having refused her request for clemency.
Witnesses wrote that she wore a long, black velvet cloak with fur trimmings and a large square fur collar.
She is said to have declined a blindfold and blew kisses to her executors.
Asked by a military clerk whether she had any last revelations, she replied: "None, and if I had, I would keep them to myself."
The ultimate femme fatale, she has inspired a dozen films, numerous books, historical works, exhibitions and even a ballet by the Dutch National Ballet.
Her iconic status was cemented in 1931 when Swedish-born actress Greta Garbo played her in a film entitled "Mata Hari".
The nature and extent of her espionage activities remain, however, uncertain, and her guilt is still widely contested today.
"She never provided the least valid information, neither to the Germans, nor to the French," according to the French magazine Le Point in 2016, echoing a view expressed in other media.
Wednesday, 1 November 2017
I gave a short interview to Stichting Amateurfilm. This foundation has an aim to create interest for amateur film in past, present and tense. Many thanks to Ronald and Hans who made this video. There are no English subtitles, it is spoken in Dutch language only, sorry.
Sunday, 29 October 2017
Spaghetti Western, is a broad subgenre of Western films that emerged in the mid-1960s in the wake of Sergio Leone's film-making style and international box-office success. The term was used by American critics and other countries because most of these Westerns were produced and directed by Italians.
These movies were originally released in Italian, but as most of the films featured multilingual casts and sound was post-synched, most "western all'italiana" do not have an official dominant language. The typical Spaghetti Western team was made up of an Italian director, Italo-Spanish technical staff, and a cast of Italian, Spanish, German, and American actors, sometimes a fading Hollywood star and sometimes a rising one like the young Clint Eastwood in three of Sergio Leone's films.
Over six hundred European Westerns were made between 1960 and 1978.
Wednesday, 25 October 2017
Filmmaking is in a very strange place right now.
While traditional filmmakers focus on witty scripts and clever cinematography, technology such as smartphones have revamped how we tell stories; how quickly we can tell them, and how many get access to see them (hint: everyone).
Now we have 360 videos. Game changer.
The ripple effect this has had on both filmmakers and film festivals is quite astounding. While the latter was once seen as a traditional, formal event for the elite filmmakers of the world has now opened up to let anyone with a good idea and a phone create award winning films.
Tuesday, 24 October 2017
On 27th July 1890 a gaunt figure stumbled down a drowsy high street at twilight in the small French country town of Auvers.
The man was carrying nothing; his hands clasped to a fresh bullet wound leaking blood from his belly.
This was Vincent van Gogh, then a little known artist; now the most famous artist in the world.
His tragic death has long been known, what has remained a mystery is how and why he came to be shot.
Loving Vincent tells that story.
“YouTube launched digital distribution”, says Elliot Grove, founder of the biggest independent film festival in Europe: Raindance. “Netflix now dominates film viewing, and film festivals that have failed to develop a strong digital strategy have been unable to survive. In today’s noisy and competitive marketplace film festivals, more than ever, need to develop a strong brand and a unique voice.”
In a nutshell: some creatives are falling behind, while others are losing their minds with excitement. The storytelling potential is mouth-watering…yet the execution? That’s debatable.. The budget is available, as seen with Jon Favreau’s The Jungle Book VR experience…..but telling a story in 360 is more challenging than most realize. Much of what filmmakers have learnt in the past is rendered irrelevant. For example, editing favorites like smash cuts and fades: how will viewers respond to this in VR? Guerrilla filmmaking? How does one even make use of a full 360 environment? Capturing existing environments is one thing (yes…we have all seen a beach in 360 by now)…but telling a good story is another entirely.
Monday, 23 October 2017
Communicators are filmmakers and content providers who have something to say using the power of moving images with excellent sound, well crafted stories and good sound tracks. Communicators will also consider a host of different mediums including short two and three minute episodes for mobiles (mobisodes) or internet (webisodes). Gaming and phone apps also provide interesting storytelling possibilities with a host of different strategies for monetizing current content being debated around the world.
Friday, 20 October 2017
The Palme d'Or is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival. It was introduced in 1955 by the organising committee. From 1939 to 1954, the highest prize was the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film.
In 1964, it was replaced again by the Grand Prix du Festival before being reintroduced in 1974 as the Palme d'Or.
Thursday, 19 October 2017
LEADER KLIK AMSTERDAM ANIMATION FESTIVAL 2017 September 25th 2017
This year’s festival leader is a humorous trip down memory lane. In honor of our theme, Never Grow Up, KLOMP! Animation created a nostalgic homage to shows and films many of us grew up with and still have an impact on our lives, from Steamboat Willie to Looney Tunes, Pokémon, Transformers, Dragon Ball Z, The Lion King, and plenty of other classics. Main character Klikbert the klikker runs through different styles and settings to finally make it to KLIK Amsterdam Animation Festival.
Pay close attention to see if you can spot all the tributes.
Vienne is a commune in southeastern France, located 32 kilometres (20 mi) south of Lyon, on the river Rhône. It is only the fourth largest city in the Isère department, of which it is a subprefecture, but was a major center of the Roman empire.
Before the arrival of the Roman armies, Vienne was the capital city of the Allobroges, a Gallic people. Transformed into a Roman colony in 47 BCE under Julius Caesar, Vienne became a major urban center, ideally located along the Rhône, then a major axis of communication. It was to Vienne in 7 CE that Augustus banished King Herod Archelaus, so the Herodian family may have had land there. The town later became a Roman provincial capital. Numerous remains of Roman constructions are still visible in modern Vienne
Tuesday, 17 October 2017
His Master's Voice (HMV) is a famous trademark in the recording industry and was the unofficial name of a major British record label. The phrase was coined in the 1890s as the title of a painting of a terrier mix dog named Nipper, listening to a wind-up disc gramophone. In the original painting, the dog was listening to a cylinder phonograph. In the 1970s, the statue of the dog and gramophone, His Master's Voice, were cloaked in bronze and was awarded by the record company (EMI) to artists or music producers or composers as a music award and often only after selling more than 100.000 sound carriers such as LPs.
Saturday, 14 October 2017
Video production is the process of creating video by capturing moving images (videography), and creating combinations and reductions of parts of this video in live production and post-production (video editing). In most cases the captured video will be recorded on the most current electronic media such as SD cards. In the past footage was captured on video tape, hard disk, or solid state storage. Video tape capture is now obsolete and solid state storage is reserved for just that, storage. It is now distributed digitally in formats such as the Moving Picture Experts Group format (.mpeg, .mpg, .mp4), QuickTime (.mov), Audio Video Interleave (.avi), Windows Media Video (.wmv), and DivX (.avi, .divx). It is the equivalent of filmmaking, but with images recorded digitally instead of on film stock.
Friday, 13 October 2017
Shooting in the round refers to a style in cinematography in which the 180-degree rule is broken and the actors are filmed from all sides.
During TV show panel discussions, shooting in the round can help the guests feel like all the panelists are equal and create a feeling of greater intimacy.
The name of the style is originally brought from the theater, called theatre in the round.
Wednesday, 11 October 2017
"Ghost in the Shell is not in any sense an animated film for children," wrote Roger Ebert twenty years ago. "Filled with sex, violence and nudity (although all rather stylized), it's another example of anime, animation from Japan aimed at adults." Now, when no critic any longer needs to explain the term anime to Western readers, we look back on Ghost in the Shell (1995) as one of the true masterpieces among Japanese animated feature films, mature not just in its content but in its form. Evan Puschak, better known as the Nerdwriter, takes a look at how it expresses its philosophical themes through its still-striking cyberpunk setting in his video essay "Identity in Space."
Just as all of Ghost in the Shell's characters exist in space, the main ones also exist in cybernetic bodies, regarding their identities as stored in their effectively transplantable brains all connected over a vast information network. The half-hour-long analysis from AnimeEveryday just above gets into the philosophical dilemma this presents to the film's protagonist, the cyborg police officer Motoko Kusanagi, examining in depth several of the scenes that — through dialogue, imagery, symbolism, or subtle combinations of the three that viewers might not catch the first time around — illuminate the story's central questions about the nature of man, the nature of machine, and the nature of what emerges when the two intersect.
The Blue City of India from Karim Iliya on Vimeo.
Jodhpur is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan and officially the second metropolitan city of the state. It was formerly the seat of a princely state of the same name. The capital of the kingdom was known as Marwar. Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring many palaces, forts and temples, set in the stark landscape of the Thar Desert.
The city is known as the "Sun City" for the bright and sunny weather it enjoys all the year round. The old city circles the fort and is bounded by a wall with several gates. Jodhpur is also known as the "Blue City" because of the blue colours that decorate many of the houses in the old city area. However, the city has expanded greatly outside the wall over the past several decades.
Jodhpur lies near the geographic centre of the Rajasthan state, which makes it a convenient base for travel in a region much frequented by tourists.
A natural history film or wildlife film is a documentary film about animals, plants, or other non-human living creatures, usually concentrating on film taken in their natural habitat but also often including footage of trained and captive animals. Sometimes they are about wild animals, plants, or ecosystems in relationship to human beings. Such programmes are most frequently made for television, particularly for public broadcasting channels, but some are also made for the cinema medium. The proliferation of this genre occurred almost simultaneously alongside the production of similar television series.
Tuesday, 10 October 2017
A step outline (more commonly called a beat sheet) is a detailed telling of a story with the intention of turning the story into a screenplay for a motion picture.
The step outline briefly details every scene of the screenplay's story, and often has indications for dialog and character interactions. The scenes are often numbered for convenience.
It can also be an extremely useful tool for a writer working on a spec script.
Monday, 9 October 2017
Backlight (Dutch: Tegenlicht) is a documentary television series by Dutch public broadcasting organisation VPRO. The first episode of Backlight was broadcast on 8 September 2002.
The series "aims to grasp the quintessence of prominent trends and developments" in the practice of critical journalism, and tries to improve understanding of the intricate inner workings of our modern society.
The first camera using digital electronics to capture and store images was developed by Kodak engineer Steven Sasson in 1975. He used a charge-coupled device (CCD) provided by Fairchild Semiconductor, which provided only 0.01 megapixels to capture images. Sasson combined the CCD device with movie camera parts to create a digital camera that saved black and white images onto a cassette tape. The images were then read from the cassette and viewed on a TV monitor. Later, cassette tapes were replaced by flash memory.
Each year, Aigues-Mortes produces 500,000 tons of salt, making it a worldwide benchmark.
In the Camargue, salt can be found widely in the soil, and the nature of the flat and clayey land, dotted with ponds, lends itself well to the extraction of sea salt. It is also a region where evaporation is the most intense and rainfall the weakest.
The salt production in Aigues-Mortes goes back to Antiquity. Peccius, a Roman engineer at the start of the Christian Era, was put in charge of organising salt production.
In 1856, the different salt marsh owners united to found the Salins du Midi (Saltworks of the South).
An anti-war movement (also antiwar) is a social movement, usually in opposition to a particular nation's decision to start or carry on an armed conflict, unconditional of a maybe-existing just cause. The term can also refer to pacifism, which is the opposition to all use of military force during conflicts. Many activists distinguish between anti-war movements and peace movements. Anti-war activists work through protest and other grassroots means to attempt to pressure a government (or governments) to put an end to a particular war or conflict.
Sunday, 8 October 2017
The Causses and the Cévennes, Mediterranean agro-pastoral Cultural Landscape located in the southern part of central France with over three millennia of agro-pastoral history.
The region is mountainous with numerous narrow valleys, making conditions poorly suited to host cities, but well-suited for pastoralism. Consequently, the landscape of Causses and Cévennes evolved over time to reflect all types of Mediterranean agro-pastoral systems. The Causses and the Cévennes retain numerous testimonies of this evolution of pastoralism over time. Mont Lozère is one of the last places where summer transhumance is still practiced in the traditional way.
Friday, 6 October 2017
Time and technology have not only changed the techniques of filmmaking but have also made giving the “first take” a more comfortable affair. There are some huge changes in terms of filmmaking techniques (in the last couple of decades). Digital (technology) has changed a lot of things. Things are done a lot faster now… In a way, that’s good.
Stop worrying about the first take though, because it’s so easy to do one more now, earlier there was a lot more attention on getting it right on the first attempt itself.
Tuesday, 3 October 2017
Good news: we're all for a visual treat. The BBC has announced nature series Planet Earth II, a follow-up to the original ratings winner, aired ten years ago
As gear has got smaller, lighter and more sophisticated, aerial filming no longer always has to involve expensive helicopters and static cranes. Production companies are increasingly using drones to nail those shots that require dramatic panoramas, adrenalin-filled action sequences, 360-degree views of subjects or literal birds’ eye views.
Observational documentaries attempt to simply and spontaneously observe lived life with a minimum of intervention. Filmmakers who worked in this subgenre often saw the poetic mode as too abstract and the expository mode as too didactic. The first observational docs date back to the 1960s; the technological developments which made them possible include mobile lighweight cameras and portable sound recording equipment for synchronized sound. Often, this mode of film eschewed voice-over commentary, post-synchronized dialogue and music, or re-enactments. The films aimed for immediacy, intimacy, and revelation of individual human character in ordinary life situations.